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[ Republic of Ireland - Éire ]
 
Republic of Ireland

Official flag of Republic of Ireland (Éire)

The Irish tricolour was first introduced in 1848 as an emblem of the Young Ireland movement - the green representing the older Gaelic and Anglo-Norman population, the orange the Protestant planter stock, and the white signifying hopes for a lasting peace between the two. However, it was not until the Easter Rising of 1916, when it was hoisted above the General Post Office in Dublin, that the tricolour came to be regarded as the national flag.

 
Dublin Corporation

Flag of the Dublin Corporation

Capital of Ireland is Dublin, or in Irish Baile Átha Cliath. The "English" name comes from Dubh Linn which means "Black pool". It is likely that Baile Átha Cliath and Dubh Linn may have been slightly different places. Baile Átha Cliath means "Town of the ford of the Hurdles", and in early Welsh material (Y mabinogi) there is an explanation of how a river in Ireland was crossed which mentions the use of Hurdles - although the river crossed is in fact the Shannon, to an early Welshman it may have been interpreted as the Life.

 
Presidential coat of arms

Presidential Coat of Arms

Ireland's Presidential coat of arms consists of the blue shield with a harp on it.

 
Map of the Republic of Ireland

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